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Skin Types 🌿

Today we are going to talk about skin types and how to identify yours.


Know our skin type helps when in order to buy any product for our skin, or even when we want to use what we have at home for skin care (can be masks, oils, and so on). It is important to know the skin type and what we want to achive with the new product or some homemade recipes, to identify which ingredients are optimal and also tpo understand which ones to avoid.


Skin condition can change overtime, usually becoming more dry with age, and according to our health.

Many other factors influence our skin type, including the environment, hormones, genetic inclinations, diet, stress.


Our skin type will depend how well our natural skin barrier is functioning, specially when it comes to moisture and water content.

If the skin barrier is not working perfectly, it may not produce enough lipids or retain enough water in order to keep skin soft and firm, which will lead to dry skin. On the other hand, producing too many lipids or natural oils, like sebum, can result in oily skin.


Normal Skin

The ideal skin type, is essentially skin that is well balanced.

Firm, supple, neither dry nor greasy, without spots or blemishes. Warm to the touch.

Characterized by small pores, an even skin tone and soft texture.

Pale skins will be pink in color.


Skin care tips for normal skin

Normal skin has the lowest maintenance of the skin types,but requires daily attention to keep the skin looking its best and to take precautions to avoid the development of blemishes and other skin issues.

  • Cleanse daily to avoid buildup of dirt, pollutants and other bacteria which can lead to acne;

  • Exfoliate as needed for ideal skin texture ;

  • In dry conditions, or for mature skin, moisturize daily or as needed, to maintain normal skin conditions.


Dry Skin

Can be caused by issues with the skin’s natural moisture barrier, or by external factors such as cold weather and excessive washing.

Often slightly hot to the touch.

Dry skin has a tendancy to powdery scaling. Characterized by its rough texture, it may begin to flake, peel or even crack depending on the severity. If your skin is constantly dry, and shows signs of cracking or bleeding, you have severely dry skin and may want to consult a dermatologist.

It is prone to early, very fine, expression wrinkles, frequently has a dull appearance, some redness and itching.

It is very sensitive to cold and wind, to central heating or air conditioner, and is in constant need of moiturizer.

Characterized by small pores and is usually not acne-prone.

Pale skins will normally be pink but a regular smoker way look gray.


Skin care tips for dry skin

As harsh cleansers and astringents can exacerbate the symptoms of dry skin, choose gentle products and rich moisturizers instead.

  • Use nonabrasive cleansers and cleansing techniques;

  • Use rich moisturizing products as needed;

  • Stay hydrated;

  • Use a humidifier in dry climates;

  • Protect skin from the drying effects of cold weather with physical barriers such as scarves.


Oily Skin

Is typically the result of excess sebum production, most widle attibuted to internal rather then external factors. Also hormonal changes can cause an increase in sebum production.

Shiny appearance, frequently with pimples and small inflamed areas, prono to acne and dermatitis, visible or enlarged pores.

It is difficult to clean, as the over-production of sebum gives an unkempt look only half an hour after using a cleanser.

Responds adversely to alcohol, poor diet, stress and cols, damp winters.

Tends to age more slowly because sebum naturally prevents water loss.


Skin care tips for oily skin

As harsh cleansers and astringents can exacerbate the symptoms of dry skin, choose gentle products and rich moisturizers instead.

  • Cleanse twice daily and after physical activity, but do not overwash;

  • Use oil-free skin care products and makeup ;

  • Choose noncomedogenic moisturizers for oily skin to avoid clogging pores.


Combination Skin

A dry skin with shiny and oily areas, usually on the T-zone - the forehead, sides of the nose and around the mounth and chin. The T-zone is typically oilier because it has a higher concentration os oil glands.

It is difficult to mantain because parts of the face need deep moisturizing while other areas demand adstrigent, drying treatment.


Skin care tips for combination skin

The frequency with which you use these products will depend on the severity of your dry and oily skin. Generally, avoid cleansing more than twice per day, as this can irritate both skin types.

  • Apply an oil-free moisturizer to the oily areas;

  • Choose heavier moisturizers, such as occlusives, for dry areas;

  • Don’t apply one cleanser or exfoliator to the entire face; use astringent options on oily areas and gentler options on dry areas.


Sensitive Skin

Often attributed to impaired skin barrier function or an overactive immune system.

It can be caused by a genetic predisposition, such as rosacea or eczema, and certain allergies. Those with dry skin often have increased sensitivity because dryness does harm to the skin’s natural protective barrier.

Can also be triggered or worsened by environmental irritants and allergens such as animal dander, pollen and makeup.

Skin can have minor or severe sensitivity, identified by blotchiness, patches of redness, peeling, itching or burning. If you find that skin care products or certain fabrics irritate your skin, or if you develop contact dermatitis easily, you likely have sensitive skin.


Skin care tips for sensitive skin

The frequency with which you use these products will depend on the severity of your dry and oily skin. Generally, avoid cleansing more than twice per day, as this can irritate both skin types.

  • Use moisturizers, such as those containing ceramides, to help improve skin barrier function;

  • Choose products with soothing and cooling ingredients such as willow bark extract and menthyl lactate;

  • Use gentle anti-inflammatory ingredients such as chamomile;

  • Avoid products that contain fragrances, simple alcohols, sulfates, citrus.


How to assess your skin type

  • Clean the face with warm water using face pads.

  • Dry gently with a soft towel and leave for about 30 minutes.

  • Carefully separate one layer from a family-sized paper tissue and cover the face with it.

  • after about 1 minute remove gently and examine the tissue near a light ou window.

Oily skin: oily stains over most of the paper.

Combination skin: oily patches at sides of nose, around mouth and forehead.

Normal skin: faint oily traces over most of the paper.

Dry skin: no oily traces.








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